Hydrochloric Acid

HS Code : 28061000 | CAS NO. : 7647-01-0

General description:

Chemical Formula of hydrochloric acid: HCL

  • Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is a strong liquid made by mixing hydrogen and chlorine gases together through a process called electrolysis. It's also known as HCL, muriatic acid, or spirits of salt. It is an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride. This acid is clear and has a sharp smell. It's really powerful and can be harmful if it touches your skin, eyes, or if you breathe it in.

  • It is a colorless solution with a strong, unpleasant odour. Hydrochloric acid has a large range of applications and is one of the largest consumed acids in the world.

  • HCl is highly corrosive, and it can damage the body when it comes into contact with it. It reacts with metals and can even produce explosive hydrogen gas.

  • Industries use hydrochloric acid a lot, especially in making steel and PVC. You can also find it in household cleaners, pool maintenance products, and food production. It's even used to make polyurethane foam and calcium chloride.

  • Because it's so dangerous, handling hydrochloric acid requires extreme care. Workers should wear personal protective equipment (PPE) like masks, gloves, goggles, and face shields. It's stored in plastic containers because it can corrode metal.

  • There are different grades of hydrochloric acid: recovered, technical, reagent, and food processing. The commercial ones might have a slight yellow tint due to impurities like dissolved iron.

  • Work in a well-ventilated area or under a fume hood to prevent the inhalation of fumes. Properly label the containers for easy identification.

Application & Usage:

  • Hydrochloric acid is used in the manufacturing of organic compounds such as vinyl chloride and dichloromethane for plastics or PVC (polyvinyl chloride).

  • HCL acid is utilized in the revival of ion exchange resins and is particularly used to wash the cations from the resins.

  • Hydrochloric acid is used in water treatment chemicals to prepare compounds.

  • In the textile industry, Hydrochloric Acid is used for bleaching clothes, and in the leather tanning industry, it helps process leather.

  • Hydrochloric acid is used to remove rust and stains from iron, copper, and other kinds of metals.

  • In households, HCL is mainly used for cleaning bathrooms and kitchens and also to sanitize them thoroughly.

  • In the pharmaceutical industry, Hydrochloric Acid helps with controlling the pH of products, foods, and water and also regulating the acidity of the solution.

  • Hydrochloric acid significantly assists in oil production; it is injected into the rock, and due to the reaction, it forms large-pore structures.

  • Hydrochloric acid is used in the manufacturing of glue and gelatin.

  • Hydrochloric acid is crucial for producing synthetic rubber and plastics.

  • Hydrochloric acid is utilized to produce aqua regia, a solution capable of dissolving noble metals such as gold and platinum.

  • HCL acid is helpful to produce corn sugar and glucose from starch.

  • Hydrochloric Acid plays a vital role in steel production by effectively removing rust and impurities from steel surfaces. This process is essential for ensuring the quality of steel used in construction projects and the manufacturing of various appliances such as cars.

  • Additionally, Hydrochloric Acid serves as a key ingredient in the production of PVC plastic and polyurethane foam. These materials are widely used in various industries due to their versatility and durability.

  • Hydrochloric acid disinfectant properties make it valuable in various industries for cleaning and sterilization purposes. Additionally, hydrochloric acid acts as a slimicide, preventing the growth of slime in paper stock, which is essential for maintaining the quality of paper products.

  • When hydrochloric acid is combined with limestone, it creates calcium chloride, a specific type of salt commonly employed for de-icing roads during winter. Beyond its role in road maintenance, calcium chloride finds application in food production as a stabilizer and firming agent. For instance, it enhances the texture of baked goods. Moreover, calcium chloride serves as an antimicrobial agent in various settings.

  • Hydrochloric acid is used in battery, photoflash bulb, and firework production. Its also vital in leather processing, construction, oil well acidizing, and gelatin production.

  • In the food industry, hydrochloric acid plays a role in processing various foods like corn syrup, cookies, and ketchup. Its used to enhance flavor and prevent spoilage in sauces, vegetable juices, and canned goods.

Want to buy Hydrochloric Acid, or HCL, or Muriatic Acid at the best price?
Prakash Chemicals International Pvt. Ltd. stands out as a top hydrochloric acid (HCL) supplier, focusing on tailored solutions at unbeatable prices. We prioritize delivering maximum value to our clients through competitive and strategically planned chemical pricing. Our expert team, with extensive knowledge in the chemical sector, ensures the supply of top-quality chemicals globally.


Is HCl acid a volatile acid?

HCL is a volatile chemical & membrane distillation will bifurcate it from its solutions.

What is another name for hydrochloric acid?

It is also called gastric acid, muriatic acid, & spirits of salt because it is produced by dissolving water chloride from hydrogen chloride.

Is the hydrochloric acid used to manufacture food and beverages harmful?

HCL is safe to use in the food and beverages industry. Food and beverages have small amounts of HCL that is “neutralized and buffered during ingestion and digestion or after absorption.

Why is hydrochloric acid used in swimming pools?

Hydrochloric acid is used to maintain the pH level of swimming pool water because chlorine levels in pool water are dependent on the pH of the water, which can be optimized with chemicals such as hydrochloric acid.

Is prolonged exposure to hydrochloric acid dangerous?

Yes, long-term exposure to hydrochloric acid can be dangerous. Occasional exposure can occur in industrial environments by skin contact during the production or by respiration.

What is your MOQ of hydrochloric acid (HCL)?

The Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ) for hydrochloric acid is 22 tons.

Where do we get hydrochloric acid (HCL) from?

Prakash Chemicals International Pvt. Ltd is a leading supplier of hydrochloric acid from India. Specializing in offering customized solutions, PCIPL provides unparalleled quality at competitive prices. For inquiries about pricing, contact our product manager to secure an industry-leading quote.


  • 35Kg,40Kg, 265Kg Drum, 275Kg Drum, 1150Kg IBC
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